Analysis of Ukrainian Hryvnia Banknotes Wearing Qualities in a Real Circulation

The algorithm of accuracy increasing is developed for orientation system – strapdown Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) at its installation on ships or other carrier objects with known distance from swaying center. The proposed algorithm allows to compensate AHRS errors caused by accelerations at object swaying, in autonomous mode where AHRS sensors (accelerometers and rate sensors) are used only. Accuracy of these errors compensation is evaluated. At this the proportional-integral variant of rate sensors correction from accelerometers is considered. Formulas for estimation of residual error of AHRS with proposed algorithm depending on AHRS sensors performance, parameters of AHRS correction circuit, swaying parameters, accuracy of AHRS position determination relative to the swaying center are derived. Experimental test results are shown that confirm essential decreasing of AHRS errors at swaying (in 4 times) when proposed algorithm is applied. Calculated estimates of AHRS errors coincide with the test results.

Publication year: 
2013
Issue: 
2
УДК: 
655.3.066 (075.8)
С. 94–104. Іл. 7. Табл. 7. Бібліогр.: 14 назв.
References: 

1. C. Marincovic et al. (2011). Life Cycle Assessment ofCanada's Polymer Bank Notes and Cotton-Paper Bank Notes. Final report [Online]. Avaliable: http://www. bankofcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Life-Cycle-Assessment-of-Polymer-and-Cotton-Paper-Bank-Noes_pt.pdf
2. T. Meuer and J. Martin, “The Eurosystem's efforts in the search for a longer lasting banknote”, Billetaria. Int. Rev. Cash Management, is. 9, pp. 22—24, 2011.
3. J. Martin, “Measuring the lifetime of euro banknotes with a circulation trial”, in Proc. Banknote’2011. The definitive forum on emerging trends and leading technologies in the banknote industry, Washington, 11—14 July, 2011.
4. F. Leon and A. Walter, “Varnishing solutions for a longlasting banknote”, Billetaria. Int. Rev. Cash Manaement, is. 9, pp. 25—27, 2011.
5. A.M. Gonsalez and D. Schweckandt, “Test on long-life paper”, Ibid, is. 9, p. 32, 2011.
6. M. Takagi, “Toshiba's banknote processing machines”, Ibid, is. 4, pp. 24—25, 2008.
7. F. Cantero, “Banknote authentication devices”, Ibid, is. 8, p. 21, 2010.
8. Інструкція про ведення касових операцій банками в Україні (Затверджено Постановою Правління Національного банку України від 01.06.2011 № 174).
9. LongLife. The banknote paper that “lives” longer [Online]. Avaliable: http://www.louisenthal.com/en
10. H. De Heij, “Durable banknotes: an overview”, Presentation in BPC/General Meeting, Prague, May 2002.
11. Лист Національного банку України № 11-117/2963 від 31.07.2012.
12. Киричок Т.Ю. Фактори зношування банкнот // Вісник НТУУ “КПІ”. Сер. Хімічна інженерія, екологія та ресурсозбереження. — 2011. — № 2. — C. 75—78.
13. Киричок Т.Ю. Класифікація пошкоджень банкнот в обігу // Технологія і техніка друкарства. — 2011. — № 4. — C. 11—20.
14. Giesecke&Devrient (G&D) [Online]. Available: http://www.gide.com/en/products_and_solutions/products/banknote_ processing_systems/banknote-processing-systems.jsp

References [transliteration]: 

1. C. Marincovic et al. (2011). Life Cycle Assessment of Canada's Polymer Bank Notes and Cotton-Paper Bank Notes. Final report [Online]. Avaliable: http://www.bankofcanada.ca/wp-content uploads/2011/06/Life-Cycle-Assessment-of-Polymer-and-Cotton-Paper Bank-Notes_opt.pdf
2. T. Meuer and J. Martin, “The Eurosystem's efforts in the search for a longer lasting banknote”, Billetaria. Int. Rev. Cash Management, is. 9, pp. 22–24, 2011.
3. J. Martin, “Measuring the lifetime of euro banknotes with a circulation trial”, in Proc. Banknote’2011. The definitive forum on emerging trends and leading technologies in the banknote industry, Washington, 11–14 July, 2011.
4. F. Leon and A. Walter, “Varnishing solutions for a long-lasting banknote”, Billetaria. Int. Rev. Cash Management, is. 9, pp. 25–27, 2011.
5. A.M. Gonsalez and D. Schweckandt, “Test on long-life paper”,Ibid, is.9, p. 32, 2011.
6. M. Takagi, “Toshiba's banknote processing machines”, Ibid, is. 4, pp. 24–25, 2008.
7. F. Cantero, “Banknote authentication devices”, Ibid, is. 8, p. 21, 2010.
8. Instrukt͡sii͡a pro vedenni͡a kasovykh operat͡siĭ bankamy v Ukraïni (Zatverdz͡heno Postanovoi͡u Pravlinni͡a Nat͡sional′noho banku Ukraïny vid 01.06.2011 # 174).
9. LongLife. The banknote paper that "lives" longer [Onlibe]. Avaliable: http://www.louisenthal.com/en
10. H. De Heij, “Durable banknotes: an overview”, Presentation in BPC/General Meeting, Prague, May 2002.
11. Lyst Nat͡sional′noho banku Ukraïny # 11-117/2963 vid 31.07.2012.
12. Kyrychok T.I͡u. Faktory znoshuvanni͡a banknot // Visnyk NTUU “KPI”. Ser. “Khimichna inz͡henerii͡a, ekolohii͡a ta resursozberez͡henni͡a”. – 2011. – # 2. – S. 75–78.
13. Kyrychok T.I͡u. Klasyfikat͡sii͡a poshkodz͡hen′ banknot v obihu // Tekhnolohii͡a i tekhnika drukarstva. – 2011. – # 4. – S. 11–20.
14. Giesecke&Devrient (G&D) [Online]. Available: http://www.gi de.com/en/products_and_solutions/products/ banknote_processing_systems/banknote-processing-systems.jsp

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