Silicon Photomultipliers as Alternative System of Photomultipliers of Neutral Particle Detector in Electron-Proton Accelerators

Measurement of events that produce particles, in particular photons, is a powerful tool for the study of subatomic constituents of the universe. The purpose of this research is to consider placement in the detector, study properties and implementation of updated ZEUS detector photomultipliers for possible use in future electron-proton accelerators. The most important part of the detector ZEUS, especially when measuring neutral particles such as photons, is calorimeter ZEUS, based on the phenomena of photon emission from the excited electron, which is returned to a lower energy level. These photons are transmitted to the photomultiplier tubes where the photon signal is amplified and converted into a small current. For future measurements for operational reasons and productivity it is encouraged to use silicon photomultipliers. Modernization of the system of photomultipliers has been proposed as one of the possible upgrades of detector for studying prompt photons at high collision energies. Examined are the composition and properties of the new system of photomultipliers, which is planned to be placed inside the metal tubes that come out from the central part of the detector. The efficiency of the new photon detection system is evaluated.

Publication year: 
2014
Issue: 
2
УДК: 
539.1.072
Fig. 6Refs.13 titles.
References: 

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References [transliteration]: 

1. V.M. Abazov et al., “Measurement of the isolated photon cross section in pp collisions at √s = 1.96-TeV” (for DØ Collaboration), Phys. Lett. B, vol. 639, pp. 151–158, 2006.
2. S. Chatrchyan et al., “Search for the standard model Higgs boson decaying into two photons in pp collisions at √s=7 TeV” (for CMS Collaboration), Ibid, vol. 710, pp. 403–425, 2012.
3. G. Aad et al., “Dynamics of isolated-photon plus jet production in pp collisions at (√s)=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector” (for ATLAS Collaboration), Nucl. Phys. B, vol. 875, pp. 483–535, 2013.
4. G.R. Smith et al., “Study of Hamamatsu mesh dynode photomultiplier tubes for potential use with the ZEUS detector”, IEEE Trans. Nuclear Sci., vol. 35, pp. 365–367, 1988.
5. A. Bamberger et al., “The Presampler for the Forward and Rear Calorimeter in the ZEUS Detector”, Nucl. Instrum. Meth., A 382, pp. 419–429, 1996.
6. A. Bernstein et al., “Beam tests of the ZEUS barrel calorimeter”, Nucl. Inst. Meth., ser. A, vol. 336, pp. 23–52, 1993.
7. Kremnievyĭ fotoėlektronnyĭ umnozhitel'. Novye vozmozhnosti / S. Klemin, I͡U.Kuznet͡sov, L.Filatov i dr. // Ėlektronika: nauka, tekhnologii͡a, biznes. – 2007. – # 8. – C. 80–86.
8. B. Lutz, “Upgrade of the CMS Hadron Outer Calorimeter with SiPM sensors” (for the CMS collaboration), in XVth Int. Conf. on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (CALOR2012), J. Phys., conf. ser., vol. 404, pp. 1–7, 2012.
9. P.W. Cattaneo et al., Development of High Precision Timing Counter Based on Plastic Scintillator with SiPM Readout [Online]. Avaliable: http:// http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.1404.
10. C. Amsler et al., “Review of Particle Physics”, Phys. Lett., ser. B, vol. 667, pp. 1–6, 2008.
11. The ZEUS experiment [Online]. Avaliable: http://www-zeus.desy.de.
12. Photomultiplier Tubes: Basics and Applications, 3rd ed., T. Hakamata et al., eds., Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.., Japan, Hamamatsu City, p. 13, 2007.
13. Hamamatsu Photonics [Online]. Avaliable: http://www.hamamatsu.com.

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