Makovetskyi O.L.

Structure Formation in Dispersions of Montmorillonite in the Presence of Quaternary Ammonium Salts

The aim is to study the influence of cationic surfactants – quaternary ammonium salts – for structure formation in montmorillonite suspensions by studying the rheological and colloidal-chemical properties of such systems. Relying on x-ray diffraction analysis we identify surfactant molecules close to a parallel position relative to the basal surface of mineral with the interlayer space of 1.6 nm. By using rheometry we obtain flow curves and corresponding values of boundary shear stress for dispersions of montmorillonite in the presence of cationic surfactants.

Sorption-reducing treatment of groundwater from uranium compounds

The paper considers the processes of sorptionreducing treatment of water polluted with uranium compounds by various active agents. Our research subject is groundwater selected from the hole near the tailing dump of waste of uranium ore processing from the East ore-dressing and processing enterprise situated near Zhovti Vody. To that end, we utilize the activated sludge of Bortnytska aeration station and Fe0 iron powder as active agents.