Германосиликатные экстраширокопористые цеолиты структуры UTL

Обзор содержит литературные данные и результаты собственных исследований авторов по методам синтеза елементсодержащих германосиликатных цеолитов. Для реализации процессов форм-селективного катализа с участием молекул размером более 7 Å актуальным является развитие научных подходов к синтезу екстраширокопористых цеолитов, так как германосиликат структурного типа UTL является одним из немногих примеров термически стабильного екстраширокопористого цеолита, пористая система которого образована 12- и 14-членными каналами, что пересекаются, и получение на их основе новых катализаторов. Выявлены оптимальные условия процесса синтеза цеолитных материалов со структурой UTL. Обсуждены результаты и перспективы применения таких цеолитов как катализаторов органического синтеза. Анализ литературных данных свидетельствует о том, что введение изоморфно замещающих элементов является эффективным методом модифицирования кислотных, каталитических и, в отдельных случаях, структурных свойств силикатных цеолитов. Учитывая это цеолиты структурного типа UTL могут быть перспективными для использования в катализе.

Год издания: 
2014
Номер: 
2
УДК: 
661.183.6
С. 121–126., Іл. 4. Бібліогр.: 25 назв.
Литература: 

1. Баррер Р. Гидротермальная химия цеолитов. — М.: Мир, 1985. — 424 с.
2. Брек Д. Цеолитовые и молекулярные сита. — М.: Мир, 1976. — 782 с.
3. C.H. Christensen, “Catalytic Benzene Alkylation over Mesoporous Zeolite Single Crystals: Improving Activity and Selectivity with a New Family of Porous Materials,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., pp. 13370—13371, 2003.
4. R.M. Barrer, “Hydrothermal chemistry of the silicates. Part X. A the field CaO—Al2O3—SiO2—H2O,” J. Chem. Soc., pp. 983—1000, 1961.
5. A.W. Burton and S.I. Zones, “Phase selectivity in the syntheses of cage-based zeolite structures: An investigation of thermodynamic interactions between zeolite hosts and structure directing agents by molecular modeling,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mat., pp. 129—144, 2006.
6. Назаренко В.А. Аналитическая химия германия. — М.: Наука, 1973. — 264 с.
7. R.F. Lobo and M. Tsapatsis, “Characterization of the Extra-Large-Pore Zeolite UTD-1,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 119, pp. 8474—8484, 1997.
8. E.W. Valyocsik, “Zeolite ZSM-51 composition,” US Patent 4 568 654, 1986.
9. P. Wagner and M. Yoshikawa, “CIT-5: a high-silica zeolite with 14-ring pores,” Chem. Commun., pp. 2179— 2180, 1997.
10. K. Tsuji and P. Wagner, “High-silica molecular sieve syntheses using the sparteine related compounds as structure-directing agents,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 28, pp. 461—469, 1999.
11. S. Elomari and S.I Zones, “Synthesis of novel zeolites SSZ-53 and SSZ-55 using organic templating agents derived from nitriles,” Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., vol. 135, pp. 167, 2001.
12. M. Matsukata and N. Nishiyama, “Synthesis of zeolites under vapor atmosphere: Effect of synthetic conditions on zeolite structure,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 219—222, 1993.
13. M.H. Kim and H.X. Li, “Synthesis of zeolites by water– organic vapor-phase transport,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 191—200, 1993.
14. M. Matsukata and M.Ogura, “ Conversion of dry gel to microporous crystals in gas phase,” Top. Catal., vol. 9, pp. 77—92, 1999.
15. S.I. Zones and R.J. Darton, “Studies on the Role of Fluoride Ion vs Reaction Concentration in Zeolite Synthesis,” J. Phys. Chem. B., vol. 109, pp. 652—661, 2005.
16. P. Fejes and K. Lazar, “Isomorphously substituted Fe-ZSM-5 zeolites as catalysts: Causes of catalyst ageing as revealed by X-band EPR, Mössbauer and 29Si MAS NMR spectra,” App.Catal. A., vol. 252, pp. 75—90, 2003.
17. Ch. Baerlocher and L.B. McCusker, Eds., Atlas of Zeolite, Framework Types, 6th edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2007, pp. 404.
18. M.A. Zwijnenburg and R.G. Bell, “Absence of Limitations on the Framework Density and Pore Size of High-Silica Zeolites,” Chem. Mater., 2008, vol. 20, pp. 3008—3014,.
19. L. Čapek and V. Kreibich, “Analysis of Fespecies in zeolites by UV—VIS—NIR, IR spectra and voltammetry. Effect of preparation, Fe loading and zeolite type,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., vol. 80, pp. 279—289, 2005.
20. K.G. Strohmaier and D.E.W. Vaughan, “Structure of the First Silicate Molecular Sieve with 18-Ring Pore Openings, ECR-34,” Chem. Soc., vol. 125, pp. 16035— 16039, 2003.
21. J.B. Taboada and A.R. Overweg, “Systematic variation of 57Fe and Al content in isomorphously substituted 57FeZSM-5 zeolites: preparation and characterization,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 2004, vol. 75, pp. 237—246.
22. T. Blasco and A. Corma, “Preferential Location of Ge in the Double Four-Membered Ring Units of ITQ-7 Zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. B., vol. 106, pp. 2634—2642, 2002.
23. M.-Y. Song and W.-Zh. Zhou, “Preparation and Charactrization of Fibrous Crystals of Boron-containing MTWtype Zeolite,” Chin J. Chem., vol. 22, pp. 119—121, 2004.
24. L. Kang and W. Deng, “Theoretical studies of IM-12 zeolite for acidic catalysts,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., vol. 115, pp. 261—266, 2008.
25. O.V. Shvets and N. Kasian, “The Role of Template Structure and Synergism between Inorganic and Organic Structure Directing Agents in the Synthesis of UTL Zeolite,” Chem. Mater., vol. 22, pp. 3482— 3495, 2010.

Транслитерированый список литературы: 

1. Barrer R. Gidrotermal'nai͡a khimii͡a t͡seolitov. – M.: Mir, 1985. – 424 s.
2. Brek D. T͡Seolitovye i molekuli͡arnye sita. – M.: Mir, 1976. – 782 s.
3. C.H. Christensen, “Catalytic Benzene Alkylation over Mesoporous Zeolite Single Crystals: Improving Activity and Selectivity with a New Family of Porous Materials,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., pp. 13370–13371, 2003.
4. R.M. Barrer, “Hydrothermal chemistry of the silicates. Part X. A the field CaO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O,” J. Chem. Soc., pp. 983–1000, 1961.
5. A.W. Burton and S.I. Zones, “Phase selectivity in the syntheses of cage-based zeolite structures: An investi¬gation of ther¬modynamic interactions between zeolite hosts and stru¬cture directing agents by molecular modeling,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mat., pp. 129–144, 2006.
6. Nazarenko V.A. Analiticheskai͡a khimii͡a germanii͡a. – M.: Nauka, 1973. – 264 s.
7. R.F. Lobo and M. Tsapatsis, “Characterization of the Extra-Large-Pore Zeolite UTD-1,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 119, pp. 8474–8484, 1997.
8. E.W. Valyocsik, “Zeolite ZSM-51 composition,” US Patent 4 568 654, 1986.
9. P. Wagner and M. Yoshikawa, “CIT-5: a high-silica zeolite with 14-ring pores,” Chem. Commun., pp. 2179–2180, 1997.
10. K. Tsuji and P. Wagner, “High-silica molecular sieve syntheses using the sparteine related compounds as structure-directing agents,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 28, pp. 461–469, 1999.
11. S. Elomari and S.I Zones, “Synthesis of novel zeolites SSZ-53 and SSZ-55 using organic templating agents derived from nitriles,” Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal., vol. 135, pp. 167, 2001.
12. M. Matsukata and N. Nishiyama, “Synthesis of zeolites under vapor atmosphere: Effect of synthetic conditions on zeolite structure,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 219–222, 1993.
13. M.H. Kim and H.X. Li, “Synthesis of zeolites by water—organic vapor-phase transport,” Micropor. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 191–200, 1993.
14. M. Matsukata and M.Ogura, “ Conversion of dry gel to micro¬porous crystals in gas phase,” Top. Catal., vol. 9, pp. 77–92, 1999.
15. S.I. Zones and R.J. Darton, “Studies on the Role of Fluoride Ion vs Reaction Concentration in Zeolite Synthesis,” J. Phys. Chem. B., vol. 109, pp. 652–661, 2005.
16. P. Fejes and K. Lázár, “Isomorphously substituted Fe-ZSM-5 zeolites as catalysts: Causes of catalyst ageing as revealed by X-band EPR, Mössbauer and 29Si MAS NMR spectra,” App.Catal. A., vol. 252, pp. 75–90, 2003.
17. Ch. Baerlocher and L.B. McCusker, Eds., Atlas of Zeolite, Framework Types, 6th edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2007, pp. 404.
18. M.A. Zwijnenburg and R.G. Bell, “Absence of Limitations on the Framework Density and Pore Size of High-Silica Zeolites,” Chem. Mater., 2008, vol. 20, pp. 3008–3014,.
19. L. Čapek and V. Kreibich, “Analysis of Fespecies in zeolites by UV–VIS–NIR, IR spectra and voltammetry. Effect of preparation, Fe loading and zeolite type,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., vol. 80, pp. 279–289, 2005.
20. K.G. Strohmaier and D.E.W. Vaughan, “Structure of the First Silicate Molecular Sieve with 18-Ring Pore Openings, ECR-34,” Chem. Soc., vol. 125, pp. 16035–16039, 2003.
21. J.B. Taboada and A.R. Overweg, “Systematic variation of 57Fe and Al content in isomorphously substituted 57FeZSM-5 zeolites: preparation and characterization,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 2004, vol. 75, pp. 237–246.
22. T. Blasco and A. Corma, “Preferential Location of Ge in the Double Four-Membered Ring Units of ITQ-7 Zeolite,” J. Phys. Chem. B., vol. 106, pp. 2634–2642, 2002.
23. M.-Y. Song and W.-Zh. Zhou, “Preparation and Chara¬ctrization of Fibrous Crystals of Boron-containing MTW-type Zeolite,” Chin J. Chem., vol. 22, pp. 119–121, 2004.
24. L. Kang and W. Deng, “Theoretical studies of IM-12 zeolite for acidic catalysts,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., vol. 115, pp. 261–266, 2008.
25. O.V. Shvets and N. Kasian, “The Role of Template Structure and Synergism between Inorganic and Organic Structure Directing Agents in the Synthesis of UTL Zeolite,” Chem. Mater., vol. 22, pp. 3482–3495, 2010.

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